Oncology & Hematology Basics

What are Oncology and Hematology?

Oncology and hematology are words too often associated with a cancer diagnosis, but they don’t have to be intimidating. In terms of patient care, oncology and hematology are closely connected to the development of individualized treatment plans, coordinated care, advanced and specialized therapies, surgical support and more to promote life-saving results.

The Basics of Medical Oncology

Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies cancer tumors and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. The oncologist often coordinates the multidisciplinary care of cancer patients, which may involve chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, counseling, genetic testing and clinical research. Our medical oncologists are internal medicine physicians who have completed years of extra training to provide cancer treatments and disease management.

The Basics of Hematology

Hematology is the branch of biology and medicine that is concerned with the study of blood, the blood-forming organs and blood disorders. Hematology includes the study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention associated with blood diseases. A person may see a medical oncologist who specializes in hematology when a diagnosis of leukemia, lymphoma, sickle cell disease or even anemia has been received. Our hematologists are internal medicine physicians who have completed years of extra training to diagnose, evaluate and treat blood diseases and provide genetic testing for cancer conditions.